Mount Fuji: More than a mountain

 

Sừng sững ở độ cao 3.776 mét, Núi Phú Sĩ 

 is the highest peak in Japan, the result of volcanic activity that began about 100,000 years ago. Today, Mount Fuji and the surrounding area are a popular recreational destination for hiking, camping and relaxation.

As one of Japan's most famous icons, tourists from all over the world flock to Shizuoka and Yamanashi prefectures to see this majestic mountain. However, for the Japanese, Mount Fuji has long been a very important spiritual site and a source of artistic inspiration.

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Over the centuries, the Japanese have forged a spiritual connection with this mountain. Legend has it that the famous ascetic Hasegawa Kokugyo (1541–1646) climbed the mountain more than 100 times. This achievement of his led to the formation of the Fuji-ko, a group of worshipers of Mount Fuji. This sect built temples, created stone monuments, and fasted to show their worship. Their fanatical loyalty eventually led the Tokugawa shogunate to ban the belief, though Japan's long-standing tradition of mountain worship has kept the mountain revered and revered as a important spiritual site.

One of the many Sengen shrines dedicated to Mount Fuji and located at the base of the mountain


A pilgrimage site

More than 300,000 people climb Mount Fuji every summer. The four main trails are four different routes to the summit, stopping at rest areas or “stations” that provide amenities and accommodations along the way. Most climbers want to see the sunrise, so they climb between midnight and early morning to watch the sun rise above the horizon from the summit. In pre-modern times, Mount Fuji was a place of training for monks and even the lower classes made pilgrimages here. The numerous shrines at the foot of the mountain are a testament to the historical and spiritual significance of Mount Fuji.

Typical images of modern pilgrimages


A cultural icon

The most iconic images of Mount Fuji date back to the Edo period (1603–1867). Artist Ando Hiroshige's series of woodblock prints of Mount Fuji depict the mountain from a variety of perspectives and vistas, giving people from all over the world a glimpse into the area and its topography. Mountain. Similarly, the woodblock prints of master painter Katsushika Hokusai are said to have influenced western painter Vincent Van Gogh and even composer Claude Debussy. The picturesque sight of Mount Fuji popularized during the Edo period has helped solidify the mountain's legacy as a global attraction.

Mount Fuji is depicted on woodblock prints and even on the 5,000 yen bill


A geographical wonder

Formed about 100,000 years ago, continuous volcanic eruptions have gradually turned Mount Fuji into Japan's largest mountain, at 3,776 meters high. The last eruption in 1707 lasted for 16 days and the volcanic ash spread as far as Tokyo. Volcanic activity also created Hoeizan (one of Mount Fuji's lower peaks), five lakes at the base of the mountain, and numerous caves near the Aokigahara Forest. The area is also blessed with many mineral-rich hot springs, making the area a paradise for both outdoor recreation and relaxation.

Hồ Shoji, một trong Phú Sĩ Ngũ Hồ

Rừng Aokigahara

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